Listed below are some of the most common diagnosis. This information includes symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation for each condition.
Carpal tunnel syndrome, or CTS, is a condition in the wrist caused by the compression of the median nerve. This compression can make parts of the hand numb, tingle, or have occasional pain. CTS is a very common problem. More and more cases are from trauma caused by repetitious movements, especially computer use. While CTS can often be successfully treated non-operatively, surgery may be necessary in some cases.
What is the carpal tunnel?
The carpal tunnel is a narrow channel on the palm side of the wrist. Eight bones, called carpals, form an arch creating three rigid walls of the channel. A tight, broad band of tissue, called the transverse carpal ligament, covers the arch and forms a roof over the channel. This "tunnel" is the protective passage for the median nerve and all nine tendons that bend the fingers and thumb. A nerve has two functions:
What is carpal tunnel syndrome?
Carpal tunnel syndrome, or CTS, is caused by pressure or pinching of the median nerve as it passes through the carpal tunnel on its way to the palm of the hand. For example, there are conditions that can irritate the covering (sheath) of the tendons and can cause this sheath (which also passes through the tunnel) to swell. The tunnel is a rigid, confined space, so any inflammation or swelling in the tunnel can compress the median nerve. This leads to weak and poorly functioning hand muscles. Symptoms may include numbness, tingling, and occasionally pain.
CTS is most often related to work activities that involve repetitive motions, In addition to computer use, the repetitive motions of assembly line workers, cashiers, and hairstylists put them at risk for CTS. Other common causes of CTS are: